Sonoma 6th most populous county in California, larger than Los Angeles. The Korbel brothers, Francis, Anton and Joseph, make money in lumbering/shipping in San Francisco,move to Russian River area in 1872, build wine cellars in 1880s, produce champagne by a special French methodin 1890s.

Narrow gauge railway extends from Marin County to Valley Ford, Freestone, Occidental, Monte Rio, Duncan's Mills, terminating in Cazadero.

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Logging and shipping become major activities in the 19th century as mill products are sent south by schooners.

Jasper O'Farrell buys Jonive Rancho (Sebastopol.) He names his holdings the Annaly Rancho, eventually turned into Analy.

Brown's Canyon Bridge, later a trestle, is tallest west of Mississippi.

Railexpansion opens up Russian River area to Bay Area tourism.

Ernest Rufus receives land grant from Mexican government, acquires 17,580 acres called Gualala Ranchon German Rancho.

In 20th century, much of area turns into Sea Ranch resort development.

With influx of Italian workers, stones from Annadel and other quarries are used in street paving andconstruction projects, including St.

Rose Catholic Church, Western and La Rose Hotels, Carnegie Library, Jack London's Wolfhouse and wineries.

Natale Bacigalupi arrives in Santa Rosa, becomes unofficial mayor of "Little Italy." He runs a grocery store and makes "seed money" loans to immigrants. (Joe) Hotchkiss and James Miller develop winery & prune packing operations.

Traverso and Arrigoni families start as clerks in his store. Hotchkiss, a majorsupporter of the building of the Golden Gate Bridge, is father of tennis star Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman.

South county becomes major Yiddish cultural center.