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The rest of the French had been shipwrecked off the coast and picked up by the Spanish, who executed all but 20 of them; this brought French settlement in Florida to an end.
These events caused a rift between the natives and Spanish, though Spanish missionaries were soon out in force.
While alliances and confederacies arose between the chiefdoms from time to time, the Timucua were never organized into a single political unit.
Warfare against them by the English colonists and native allies completed their extinction as a tribe soon after the turn of the 19th century.
The word "Timucuan" may derive from "Thimogona" or "Tymangoua", an exonym used by the Saturiwa chiefdom of present-day Jacksonville for their enemies, the Utina, who lived inland along the St. Both groups spoke dialects of the Timucua language.
His army seized the food stored in the villages, forced women into concubinage, and forced men and boys to serve as guides and bearers.
The army fought two battles with Timucua groups, resulting in heavy Timucua casualties.
By the time the United States acquired Florida in 1821, only five or fewer Timucua remained. In 1763, when Spain ceded Florida to Great Britain, the Spanish took the less than 100 Timucua and other natives to Cuba.
Research is underway in Cuba to discover if any Timucua descendants exist there.De Soto was in a hurry to reach the Apalachee domain, where he expected to find gold and sufficient food to support his army through the winter, so he did not linger in Timucua territory.In 1564, French Huguenots led by René Goulaine de Laudonnière founded Fort Caroline in present-day Jacksonville and attempted to establish further settlements along the St. After initial conflict, the Huguenots established friendly relations with the local natives in the area, primarily the Timucua under the cacique Saturiwa.The French followed the Saturiwa in this usage, but the Spanish applied the term "Timucua" much more widely to groups within a wide section of interior North Florida.In the 16th century they designated the area north of the Santa Fe River between the St.If so, Timucuan contact with that particular expedition was unlikely.