In 1947 he entered Spain's state-run film school, where he became a close friend of Juan Antonio Bardem, with whom he collaborated on a feature film, Esa Pareja Feliz (That Happy Couple) in 1951.

Subsequently he and Bardem helped to found the production companies Altamira and Uninci, which produced Bunuel's Viridiana in 1961.

Though, as he was proud to claim, he was the film director most often hauled up before the censors to explain his intentions, his films were always ambiguous enough to allow for more benign interpretations.

Berlanga established his reputation in 1953 with Bienvenido, Mister Marshall! ), a comedy about an impoverished Castilian village trying to transform itself into a picture postcard paradise in the forlorn hope of persuading a group of visiting American dignitaries to part with Marshall Aid dollars.

Soon they find themselves in a hostile environment where corruption is rife and ... Tell a little white lie here and there, just to make everyone happy? Twenty-five days after leaving her at the airport, he confesses he does not love her any more and that he is with another girl. See full summary » A boy who tries to forget a girl, a story far more difficult to bear, especially when the girl you just separated from comes back again in each of the memories of your past and you feel that "all the love songs talk about me". See full summary » In Madrid, the divorced middle-age pianist Sofía discloses to her daughters Elvira, Gimena and Sol on the day of her birthday that she is in love with the talented Czechoslovak pianist Aliska, who is twenty-years younger than she.

Nina is a 20 years old girl from Valladolid who lives with her divorced father, an autoritarian and conservative man. The bigoted sisters are shocked with the revelation and do not accept the idea that their mother is lesbian.

Breezy, fun, bright, and well directed, this film is a showcase for Lenor Watling's worthy characterization of the middle daughter; the centerpiece of the film.

"My Mother Likes Women" should appeal most to Watling fans, lesbians, females in general, and aficionados of Spanish cinema. No nudity and should qualify for about a PG-13 rating for mature theme elements.

Another son, the Spanish punk rocker Carlos Berlanga, died in 2002.

Luis García Berlanga was a consistently disruptive presence in Spanish cinema of the second half of the 20th century.

His last film, Paris-Tombuctu (1999), featured Michel Piccoli as a man beset by impotence who takes off on a bicycle trip to Africa, where he intends to kill himself on New Year's Eve – only to have his plans thwarted in Spain by a painful boil on his bottom.