The syllable -rute may mean Rodung or "clearing", whilst Baier- indicates immigrants from the Bavarian region.Already documented earlier, were villages later merged into Bayreuth: Seulbitz (in 1035 as the royal Salian estate of Silewize in a document by Emperor Conrad II) and St. Even the district of Altstadt (formerly Altenstadt) west of the town centre must be older than the town of Bayreuth itself.

Even older traces of human presence were found in the hamlets of Meyernberg: pieces of pottery and wooden crockery were dated to the 9th century based on their decoration.

While Bayreuth was previously (1199) referred to as a villa (village), the term civitas ("town") appeared for the first time in a document published in 1231.

If you use Safari, Firefox, or another browser, check its support site for instructions.

This site uses cookies in order to improve your user experience and to provide content tailored specifically to your interests.

The town of Bayreuth developed slowly and was affected time and again by disasters.

As early as 1361 Emperor Charles IV had conferred on Burgrave Frederick V the right to mint coins for the towns of Bayreuth and Kulmbach. In February 1430, the Hussites devastated Bayreuth and the town hall and churches were razed.

In 1605 a great fire, caused by negligence, destroyed 137 of the town's 251 houses.

In 1620 plague broke out and, in 1621, there was another big fire in the town.

His successor, the Crown Prince and later Margrave, George William, began in 1701 to establish the then independent town of St Georgen am See (today, the district of St Georgen) with its castle, the so-called Ordensschloss, a town hall, a prison and a small barracks.