Definitions "Foreign born" and "immigrant" are used interchangeably and refer to persons with no U. Geographical regions: MPI follows the definition of Latin America as put forth by the United Nations and the U. Census Bureau, which spans Central America (including Mexico), the Caribbean, and South America. Between 18, the immigrant share of the overall population fluctuated between 13 percent and nearly 15 percent, peaking at 14.8 percent in 1890, mainly due to high levels of immigration from Europe.

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The concept of race as used by the Census Bureau reflects the race or races with which individuals most closely self-identify. In 2015, approximately 51 percent of immigrants were female.

Race categories include both racial and national-origin groups. The share has fluctuated slightly during the past three decades; women accounted for 53 percent of immigrants in 1980, 51 percent in 1990, and 50 percent in 2000.

Hispanic and Latino are ethnic, not racial, categories. What is the age distribution of the immigrant population? The remaining 52 percent (22.6 million) included lawful permanent residents, unauthorized immigrants, and legal residents on temporary visas (such as students and temporary workers).

They include individuals who classified themselves in one of the specific Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino categories listed on the Census 2000 questionnaire—"Mexican, Mexican Am., Chicano," "Puerto Rican," or "Cuban"—as well as those who indicate that they are "other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino." Persons who indicated that they are "other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino" include those whose origins are from Spain, the Spanish-speaking countries of Central or South America, the Dominican Republic, or people who self-identify more generally as Spanish, Spanish-American, Hispanic, Hispano, Latino, and so on. Overall, the immigrant population in 2015 was older than the U. In 2015, around 48 percent of immigrants (20.7 million) were naturalized U. Of the 21 million naturalized citizens, 22 percent naturalized since 2010, 33 percent between 20, and 45 percent prior to 2000. The remaining 21 percent (64.7 million) reported speaking a language other than English at home.

How many Hispanics in the United States are immigrants? In 2015, there were 25.9 million Limited English Proficient (LEP) individuals ages 5 and older, representing 9 percent of the 301.6 million U. The next two languages most commonly spoken by LEP individuals were Chinese (including Mandarin and Cantonese, 1.8 million, or 7 percent) and Vietnamese (867,000, or 3 percent).

: The term "Limited English Proficient" refers to persons ages 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire.

While most of these new arrivals are immigrants new to the country, some are naturalized citizens, lawful permanent residents, and others who might have lived in the United States for some time prior to returning in 2015.

The Census Bureau defines recent immigrants as foreign-born individuals who resided abroad one year prior to the survey, including naturalized citizens, lawful permanent residents, and others who might have lived in the United States for some time prior to 2015; as well as temporary nonimmigrants and unauthorized immigrants. This population includes naturalized citizens, lawful permanent residents, refugees and asylees, persons on certain temporary visas, and the unauthorized. That year, there were 2.2 million immigrants in the United States, representing nearly 10 percent of the population.

Informed public discussion and evidence-based policymaking require accurate, authoritative, and unbiased information. Click on the bullet points for more information on each topic: How many immigrants reside in the United States? Between 20, the foreign-born population increased by 899,000, or 2.1 percent, a slower growth rate compared to 2.5 percent between 20. How many people immigrated to the United States last year?