(4) Pressured by Hera's hatred of Troy, Zeus arranges for the Trojan Pandaros to break the truce by wounding Menelaus with an arrow. (5) In the fighting, Diomedes kills many Trojans, including Pandaros, and defeats Aeneas, whom Aphrodite rescues, but Diomedes attacks and wounds the goddess.

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Paris offers to return the treasure he took and give further wealth as compensation, but not Helen, and the offer is refused.

A day's truce is agreed for burning the dead, during which the Greeks also build their wall and a trench.

While Helen tells Priam about the Greek commanders from the walls of Troy, both sides swear a truce and promise to abide by the outcome of the duel.

Paris is beaten, but Aphrodite rescues him and leads him to bed with Helen before Menelaus can kill him.

Setting: Troy (modern Hisarlik, Turkey) Period: Bronze Age Traditional dating: c. 1260–1180 BC Outcome: Greek victory, destruction of Troy See also: Historicity of the Iliad in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.

Set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy (Ilium) by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles.

(8) The next morning, Zeus prohibits the gods from interfering, and fighting begins anew.

The Trojans prevail and force the Greeks back to their wall, while Hera and Athena are forbidden to help.

However, as these events are prefigured and alluded to more and more vividly, when it reaches an end the poem has told a more or less complete tale of the Trojan War.

The Iliad is paired with something of a sequel, the Odyssey, also attributed to Homer.

(6) Hector rallies the Trojans and prevents a rout; the Greek Diomedes and the Trojan Glaukos find common ground and exchange unequal gifts.