The present city walls, the Citadel, some mosques and tombs survive from the Middle Ages, but the greatest part of the built heritage of the city dates from after the Ottoman conquest of the early 16th century.Criterion (i): Damascus testifies to the unique aesthetic achievement of the civilizations which created it.

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In the Medieval period, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, with different areas of the city specializing in particular trades or crafts.

The city exhibits outstanding evidence of the civilizations which created it - Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic.

De stad bevat zo’n 125 monumenten uit verschillende perioden van de geschiedenis.

Een van de meest spectaculaire is de 8e-eeuwse Grote Moskee van de Omajjaden, gebouwd op de plaats van een Assyrisch heiligdom.

C., Damascus was an important cultural and commercial centre, by virtue of its geographical position at the crossroads of the orient and the occident, between Africa and Asia.

The old city of Damascus is considered to be among the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world.

Excavations at Tell Ramad on the outskirts of the city have demonstrated that Damascus was inhabited as early as 8,000 to 10,000 BC.

However, it is not documented as an important city until the arrival of the Aramaeans.

J.-C., c'est l'une des plus anciennes villes du Moyen-Orient.