In the Magdalenian, the use of bony materials - ivory, the bones or antlers of the deer tribe - became widespread; from these were made awls, spears, daggers, smoothers, scissors, etc., and, towards the end, eyed needles and barbed harpoons.In addition, a huge variety of mineral colours were used in cave painting.

fossil dating difficulty in south africa-2

This discovery raises the strong probability that Asian "modern man" and European "modern man" did not coincidentally develop independent painting skills at exactly the same time, but already possessed those skills when they left Africa.

Man was only belatedly forced to frequent caves because of a cold phase towards the end of the last interglacial (c.40,000-10,000 BCE); then the curtain began to rise on his social life.

The numerous pregnant women of the venus figurines (see examples like the Venus of Lespugue, 23,000 BCE) and the men closely pursuing their women suggest the idea of fertility magic.

The deliberate alteration of the essential features of certain animals seems to indicate taboos.

Prehistoric Society What were the first men - the most recent of whom, at least, sometimes used to bury their dead - but a species of ingenious brutes, well suited to launch the human empire with flint and fire in a world of gigantic monsters?

Thanks to them, life was made possible for a more "modern" type of human being (called Homo sapiens sapiens) who did not arrive from Africa in the western part of the prehistoric world until the close of the Ice Age.

Such are the facts prehistory puts at our disposal to mark the stages of human types and their civilizations - the nurseries of Stone Age art - from the obscure epoch when man emerged from among the mammals of the end of the Tertiary period, to the time when the rudiments of our civilization appeared in with the domestication of cattle and the beginnings of agriculture.

These first human groups are not unrelated to a great number of present-day tribes in both hemispheres - the Bushmen of South Africa, the Tasmanians, the Eskimos, etc.

This more stable and preserving habitat reveals hearths and sometimes tombs.