It was during this time, that the Earth's crust cooled enough in order for rocks and continental plates to begin forming.

The first forms of life appeared on Earth during the early Archaean period.

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This range is also referred to as the ‘Genesis of Life’,because it's geology includes the best preserved ancient Achaean rocks on earth.

These ancient rocks are 3.5 billion years old and they are so well preserved that their fossils accurately record the earliest life forms on the planet, as well as evidence of the first massive meteorite impact on record, possibly related to the formation of our moon.

Gold was discovered here over 120 years ago, (CLICK HERE) and these gold deposits are the oldest recognized gold ores on Earth.

It was the site of one of the milestones of the industrial development of South Africa.

If you were able to travel back in time to visit Earth during the Archaean period you would not recognize it as the same planet we inhabit today.

FOR MORE CLICK HERE The atmosphere was very different from today it most probably consisted of methane, ammonia, and other gases which would be toxic to most life on earth today.They are interpreted to represent lava which erupted from the depths of a deep subterranean environment.The town of Lydenburg, in Mpumalanga Province, was founded in 1850 by the company of Voortrekker leader Andries Potgieter who had abandoned their first settlement -Ohrigstad.This can be safely said to be the place where life on Earth began more than 3.5 billion years ago.Achaean serpentinites in the Komati river valley, South Africa, have distinctive crystal textures and volcanic features which distinguish them from normal coarse-grained serpentinites.The small and beautiful "Makhonjwa Mountain Range"close to Barberton, where gold and asbestos deposits occur, stretches from Jeppe’s Reef to Oshoek and from Shiyalongubo Dam to Queen’s river.