There are strong indications of a former royal residence from the Viking Age in Viby, a few kilometres south of the Aarhus city centre.

dating i danmark Solrød-4

; officially spelled Århus from 1948 until 31 December 2010) is the second-largest city in Denmark and the seat of Aarhus municipality.

It is located on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula, in the geographical centre of Denmark, 187 kilometres (116 mi) northwest of Copenhagen and 289 kilometres (180 mi) north of Hamburg, Germany.

The charter is the first official recognition of the town as a regional power and is by some considered Aarhus' birth certificate.

The official and religious status spurred growth so in 1477 the defensive earthen ramparts, ringing the town since the Viking age, were abandoned to accommodate expansion.

As the industrial revolution took hold, the city grew to become the second-largest in the country by the 20th century.

Today Aarhus is at the cultural and economic core of the region and the largest centre for trade, services and industry in Jutland.

Some Danish cities resisted the new spelling of their names, notably Aalborg and Aabenraa.

Århus city council explicitly embraced the new spelling, as it was thought to enhance an image of progressiveness.

In the 1950s many jazz clubs sprang up around the city, fuelled by the young population.