By the word "rock" the Saviour cannot have meant Himself, but only Peter, as is so much more apparent in Aramaic in which the same word (Kipha) is used for "Peter" and "rock".

His statement then admits of but one explanation, namely, that He wishes to make Peter the head of the whole community of those who believed in Him as the true Messias; that through this foundation (Peter) the Kingdom of Christ would be unconquerable; that the spiritual guidance of the faithful was placed in the hands of Peter, as the special representative of Christ.

Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only .99.... He was the son of Jona (Johannes) and was born in Bethsaida (John , 44), a town on Lake Genesareth, the position of which cannot be established with certainty, although it is usually sought at the northern end of the lake.

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Philippians is generally accepted to be authentic Pauline correspondence. Goodspeed indicates that there are a few problems with thinking that Philippians is a unity (An Introduction to the New Testament, pp.

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Here Peter resumed his occupation of fisherman for a short time, but soon received the definitive call of the Saviour to become one of His permanent disciples.

Peter and Andrew were engaged at their calling when Jesus met and addressed them: "Come ye after me, and I will make you to be fishers of men".

The more prominent the Apostles become in the Evangelical narrative, the more conspicuous does Peter appear as the first among them. et imposuit Simoni nomen Petrus"; Luke -14: "Et cum dies factus esset, vocavit discipulos suos, et elegit duodecim ex ipsis (quos et Apostolos nominavit): Simonem, quem cognominavit Petrum . ." On various occasions Peter speaks in the name of the other Apostles (Matthew ; ; Luke , etc.).

In the list of the Twelve on the occasion of their solemn call to the Apostolate, not only does Peter stand always at their head, but the surname given him by Christ is especially emphasized (Matthew 10:2): "Duodecim autem Apostolorum nomina haec: Primus Simon qui dicitur Petrus. ."; Mark -16: "Et fecit ut essent duodecim cum illo, et ut mitteret eos praedicare . When Christ's words are addressed to all the Apostles, Peter answers in their name (e.g., Matthew ).

After preaching the Sermon on the Mount and curing the son of the centurion in Capharnaum, Jesus came to Peter's house and cured his wife's mother, who was sick of a fever (Matthew -15; Mark -31).

A little later Christ chose His Twelve Apostles as His constant associates in preaching the kingdom of God. Though of irresolute character, he clings with the greatest fidelity, firmness of faith, and inward love to the Saviour; rash alike in word and act, he is full of zeal and enthusiasm, though momentarily easily accessible to external influences and intimidated by difficulties.

Frequently the Saviour turns specially to Peter (Matthew ; Luke , etc.).